Interconnect, also known as a connector, is a component or structure that is part of an interconnect solution. It connects with other components or parts. An interconnect is considered an integral part of an integrated circuit plumbing. Its performance, fabrication yield, and power efficiency are dependent upon its layout and design. Interconnect allows the easy unification of two different circuits into a single seamless one.
Classification of Interconnects
There are two interconnect classifications: global and local.
- Global interconnects are capable of transmitting over or to sub-circuits in large areas.
- Local interconnects connect circuit elements that are very close to each other (i.e. transistors). These interconnects are made of tungsten, polycrystalline silicon, and other materials that have high electrical resistance.
Essential Components of Interconnect Connectors
The two components that make up an interconnect are the following:
Housings put a space between contacts, which is the other essential component. It can be receptacles or plugs.
Receptacles refer to the connector part that “houses” female sockets or contacts. A common example of a receptacle is a wall outlet.
On the other hand, plugs contain the male contacts of connectors. If a cable does not have plugs, all that it has are loose wirings – and this can be dangerous and lead to performance problems. Plugs are usually easy to grip and intended to help users properly connect the male pins with the right female sockets. As such, it makes the interconnection process safer and easier.
Also known by its many alternative names: sockets, current-carrying pins, spring-pins, and blades, contacts are the interconnect components that help make the electrical connection work. There are two types of contacts: male and female.
Male contacts (or Male pins) look similar to the prongs you see in computer power cords. They are protruding, solid, and made of metal.
Female contacts or sockets look like enclosed metal pieces that have holes where the male pins fit. Imagine a wall outlet – that’s what female sockets basically look like. When it interconnects with the male contact, it transfers electricity from one device or object to another.